Look 10 COMMON CAT DISEASES & HEALTH PROBLEMS 2021

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Look 10 COMMON CAT DISEASES & HEALTH PROBLEMS 2021


Since cats are very independent small animals, sometimes even mysterious small animals, it may be difficult for pet parents to distinguish small problems from serious health problems. This is why it is important to understand the signs and symptoms of the most common cat health problems, including FIV, FeLV, diabetes, etc.

Read on to learn more about common cat diseases, including symptoms and treatment prospects. Remember: if your cat shows any worrying symptoms, please contact your veterinarian. This article is for educational purposes only and is not intended to help diagnose diseases.


Look 10 COMMON CAT DISEASES & HEALTH PROBLEMS 2021



10. Kidney disease


The kidney filters waste and regulates blood and water content. If the kidney malfunctions or deteriorates, the cat may develop acute renal failure or chronic kidney disease. Acute renal failure usually develops rapidly and can be reversed if diagnosed in time. There is no cure for chronic kidney disease, but early diagnosis and proper care can ensure that cats lead a high-quality life.

Kittens may suffer from kidney disease at birth, and as the cat ages, the kidneys may begin to fail. Infections, trauma, obstruction, and ingestion of poisons can also cause kidney problems. If left untreated, kidney disease can cause other health problems.

Diagnosing kidney disease requires medical diagnosis including blood tests and urinalysis. Some common signs of possible problems include:

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-Frequent urination

-Weight loss

-Drinking a lot of water

-A dry coat

-Vomiting

-Diarrhea

-Bloody or cloudy urine



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9. Dental disease


The Cornell Feline Health Center reports that 50% to 90% of cats over 4 years old have some type of dental disease. The most common feline dental diseases are gingivitis, periodontitis and tooth resorption-all of these diseases are of different severity. However, most cases of dental disease can be prevented or treated with proper care.

In some cases, gum or tooth disease can cause severe pain and discomfort, which can affect a cat's quality of life. Some cats may stop eating because of pain, which can lead to malnutrition and other health problems.

Here are the three most common dental diseases in cats:

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Gingivitis: This is a disease that causes painful inflammation of the gums, usually the result of a buildup of dental plaque.

Symptoms: redness, swelling, discomfort or bleeding gums

Periodontitis: Gingivitis that is not treated in time can cause periodontitis. This happens when the soft tissues of the gums or the bones that support the teeth are damaged.

Symptoms: Similar to gingivitis, inability to eat, bad breath and drooling.

Tooth absorption: This happens when the internal structure of the tooth breaks. The cause of tooth absorption is unknown, and it is the most common cause of tooth loss in cats.

Symptoms: Pain, drooling, head turning to the side when eating or unable to eat.


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8. Diabetes


According to ASPCA, if cats are unable to produce insulin or do not respond adequately to insulin, they may develop diabetes. Although diabetes in cats is a serious problem, it can be controlled-some cats can even be relieved with proper care.

Cat diabetes can be caused by genetics, pancreatic disease, or obesity. Symptoms of cat diabetes include:

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-Increased thirst and/or urination

-Weight loss

-Lethargy

-Dehydration

-Change in appetite

-Sweet-smelling breath


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7. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

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As the name suggests, FIV is a disease that damages the immune system of cats, making them susceptible to other infections or diseases. Since FIV is most commonly spread between cats through bites, male cats fighting outdoors are most likely to be infected with the virus.

FIV is diagnosed through blood tests. There is no cure for FIV, but if the condition is properly managed, an infected cat can lead a normal life. FIV is usually undetected, and affected cats may not show symptoms for several years after infection. As the cat ages, symptoms may progress and include:


-Chronic or recurring infections

-Gingivitis

-Loss of appetite

-Poor coat condition

-Fever

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6. Feline Leukemia Virus (FELV)

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FeLV is a carcinogenic retrovirus that is spread through cat saliva, blood, feces or urine. Alley Cat Allies reports that most cats get FeLV from infected mothers at birth or through contact with other cats (for example, by grooming each other's hair). FeLV weakens the immune system and causes severe anemia, making cats susceptible to other diseases.

Symptoms of FeLV include:

-Seizures or neurological disorders

-Various eye diseases

-Persistent diarrhea

-Persistent fever

-Skin, urinary system, or respiratory infections

-lose weight

-Loss of appetite

FeLV can cause leukemia, lymphoma and infertility. Although FeLV cannot be cured, cats can live a long and healthy life with proper treatment.

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5. Cancer

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Lymphoma is the most common type of cancer that affects cats, but many different forms of disease can occur. Although tumors often appear to indicate cancer, it is not the only symptom, and not all tumors become cancerous. Many cases of cat cancer may go unnoticed, so routine veterinary examinations are essential for early detection to improve treatment results.

Symptoms of cat lymphoma include:


-lose weight

-Anorexia

-diarrhea

-Vomit

Cats that are FIV or FeLV positive have an increased risk of cancer. Other factors such as diet and exposure to second-hand smoke are also risk factors. Genetics may also play a role, because Siamese cats are more likely to develop cancer than other breeds.

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4. Obesity

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Generally speaking, a cat who weighs 20% more than its ideal body weight is considered obese. Obesity in cats shortens the lifespan of cats and makes them more susceptible to diseases and health conditions, including:


-diabetes

-Joint problems

-cancer

-heart disease

If you are concerned that your cat may be obese, please contact your veterinarian. They will determine an ideal weight goal based on your cat's overall health and recommend a new diet plan to help them lose some weight.

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3. Pancreatitis

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For cats and humans, the pancreas plays an important role in the digestion process. Pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas becomes inflamed. In cats, it is usually accompanied by inflammation of the liver and intestines.


The cause of cat pancreatitis is unknown, but some cats with diabetes or inflammatory bowel disease may be at higher risk. Symptoms of pancreatitis include:


-Vomit

-fever

-stomach ache

-Decreased appetite

-diarrhea

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2. Hyperthyroidism

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Hyperthyroidism is an endocrine disease that affects middle-aged and elderly cats. Its most common cause is that benign growth of the thyroid gland increases its size and function, leading to an increase in the concentration of thyroid hormones.


Signs of hyperthyroidism in cats include:


-Excessive amounts of energy

-Increased appetite

-Weight loss

-Restlessness

The veterinarian will order laboratory tests to diagnose hyperthyroidism. The right treatment can lower thyroid hormone levels and help cats lead a healthy and normal life.



1. BROKEN BONES


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Like humans, cats can fracture when exposed to excessive stress or pressure. If a cat's bone is broken, they should receive the attention of a veterinarian immediately for proper diagnosis and treatment to minimize long-term effects.


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